Reports and Research


Arrested Futures: The Criminalization of School Discipline in Massachusetts’ Three Largest School Districts 
published by the American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU), ACLU of Massachusetts, and Citizens for Juvenile Justice.

Education Under Arrest: The Case Against Police in Schools 
published by the Justice Policy Institute. 

Breaking Schools’ Rules: A Statewide Study to How School Discipline Relates to Students’ Success and Juvenile Justice Involvement 
published by the Justice Center: The Council of State Governments and Public Policy Research Institute. 

Creating Supportive Environments: A Snapshot of James A. Garfield High School, Los Angeles Unified School District
published by Education Development Center, Inc.

Booking Students: An Analysis of School Arrests and Court Outcomes
by Kerrin C. Wolf, Ph.D., JD

Police in Schools are Not the Answer to the Newtown Shooting
jointly published by Advancement Project, Dignity in Schools Campaign, Alliance for Educational Justice, and NAACP Legal Defense and Educational Fund, Inc. 

Supportive School Discipline: Snapshots from the Safe Schools/Healthy Students Initiative
published by Education Development Center, Inc.

Breaking Rules, Breaking Budgets: Cost of Exclusionary Discipline in 11 Texas School Districts
published by Texas Appleseed

Black, Brown, and Over-Policed in LA Schools: Structural Proposals to End the School-to-Prison Pipeline in the Los Angeles Unified School District and to Build a National Movement to Stop the Mass Incarceration of Black and Latino Communities
published by Community Rights Campaign of the Labor/Community Strategy Center

Safe Schools/Healthy Students Initiative National Evaluation 2005–2008 Cohorts
by U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Center for Mental Health Services

Variation Found in Rates of Restraint and Seclusion Among Students With a Disability
by Gagnon, D. J., Mattingly, M. J., and Connelly, V. J.

From Report Card to Criminal Record: The Impact of Policing Oakland Youth
by the Black Organizing Project, Public Counsel, and the ACLU of Northern California

A Generation Later: What We’ve Learned about Zero Tolerance in Schools
by Jacob Kang-Brown, Jennifer Trone, Jennifer Fratello and Tarika Daftary-Kapur

Federal Policy, ESEA Reauthorization, and the School-to-Prison Pipeline
by Advancement Project, Education Law Center – PA, FairTest, The Forum for Education and Democracy, Juvenile Law Center, NAACP Legal Defense and Educational Fund, Inc.

Improving the Juvenile Justice System for Girls: Lessons from the States
by Liz Watson and Peter Edelman

Truancy: A Research Brief
by Sydney McKinney

Multiple Responses, Promising Results: Evidence-Based, Nonpunitive Alternatives to Zero Tolerance
by Christopher Boccanfuso, Ph.D., and Megan Kuhfeld, BS

Stopping the Rail to Jail
by Tshaka Barrows, Christina Gomez, Malachi Garza, and Ophelia Williams

Discipline Disparities Briefing Papers Series Full Briefing Overview
by Prudence Carter, Ph.D., Michelle Fine, Ph.D., and Stephen Russell, Ph.D.

Civil Rights Data Collection Data Snapshot: School Discipline Issue Brief No.1
by U.S. Department of Education Office for Civil Rights

The Imperative to Transform Juvenile Justice Systems into Effective Educational Systems
published by The Southern Education Foundation


American Civil Liberties Union

ACLU of Massachusetts

Citizens for Juvenile Justice

Justice Policy Institute

Justice Center: The Council of State Governments

Public Policy Research Institute  

U.S. Department of Education

Juvenile Justice Information Exchange

Discipline Disparities A Research-To-Practice Collaborative Briefing Papers Series